External Issues

The external environment is a major source of worry for all countries, and it can take many different forms. The COVID-19 epidemic has brought external issues to light, particularly in relation to global inequity. Beyond anything ever seen, the epidemic has disrupted life in all nations and communities and adversely impacted worldwide economic growth. The COVID-19 pandemic has revealed and exacerbated disparities between and within nations, and those with the least developed economies have people with worse health, less capable health systems, and populations that are more susceptible to spreading the disease.

Public health is simply one aspect of external challenges; political and geopolitical influences are also present. With short, medium, and long-term consequences on territorial development as well as subnational government functioning and finances, the COVID-19 pandemic has a significant territorial component. All economic sectors are impacted by the pandemic’s disruption of global supply chains, lower demand for imported products and services, a decline in international trade, and the worst economic crisis since World War II.

Security is merely one aspect of external challenges; there are also economic and social concerns. The COVID-19 response has been impacted by globalisation, and the ongoing pandemic has brought to light the significant regional variations in coronavirus containment and control strategies. Political science presents numerous rationales for why governments may utilise national border closures and close their borders in one form or another. The usage of border closures during the start of the COVID-19 epidemic has been a crucial external concern.

In conclusion, foreign problems can come in a variety of shapes and sizes and are a major source of worry for countries all over the world. The COVID-19 epidemic has brought external issues to light, particularly in relation to global inequity. The epidemic has precipitated the worst economic downturn since World War II, which has impacted all facets of the economy. In addition to security concerns, external difficulties often involve economic and social issues, necessitating a comprehensive, systems-scale approach.

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